Requirements for Medical Schools in Canada

This is the most comprehensive and accurate information that can be found on the internet regarding the admission requirements for each of the 17 medical schools in Canada. Every year over 20% of applications to medical schools are rejected because not all the requirements are met.

The admission requirements are similar between the different medical schools and are categorized here in the priority of what an applicant must submit to be considered:

Academic

  1. Minimum number of years of undergraduate study required
  2. Pre-requisite courses
  3. GPA

Non-Academic 

  1. Medical College Admission Test
  2. CASPer Test
  3. Personal Statement/ Essays
  4. Supplementary Application Questions
  5. Interview

Each medical school in Canada has different requirements within each of the above categories.

This blog post compares and contrasts the medical school admission requirements for all 17 medical schools in Canada in one place to help you determine which school is the best fit for you. It will also help guide your undergraduate studies by helping you to figure out which courses you should be taking. The full list of medical schools in Canada, taken from the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada, as well as their detailed individual requirements, can be found below:

Requirements for Medical Schools in Canada: Prerequisite Courses

Many medical schools in Canada do not require any prerequisite courses for admission. This means that applicants are free to pursue any courses in their undergraduate career without needing to take a specific course. The universities with no undergraduate prerequisite requirements include the University of Calgary, University of Alberta, McMaster University, Queen’s University, Western University, Memorial University, Dalhousie University, University of Saskatchewan, and the University of Manitoba.

The following table includes a list of all prerequisites for those that require them. The numbers listed in the table indicate the number of units required in each subject. (6 units = 1 full-course equivalent )

Prerequisite CourseUBCUofT*McGillUofONOSM**
Biology126612
General Chemistry63
Physics6
Organic Chemistry33
Biochemistry123
Statistics3
Mathematics
Social Science6612
English6
*UofT requires 12 units in any of the life sciences. There is no preference for which one’s applicants complete.
**NOSM recommends 12 units of social sciences, arts, or humanities for science majors and 12 units equivalents of science for arts, social sciences, or humanities majors.

Each medical school may have slightly different definitions for what counts as life sciences, biology, or social science courses.

Requirements for Medical Schools in Canada: Undergraduate and GPA Requirements

The following information is for applicants who are applying from Ontario or reside outside of the province where the medical school is located. Medical schools outside of Ontario give preference to applicants within their own province and will have lower admissions criteria for in-province applicants. All GPAs have been converted to a 4.0 scale if required.

Minimum Years of Undergrad StudyMinimum GPA to applyAverage GPA of accepted students
UBC3 3.9 3.90
UofC3 3.8 3.87
UofA4 3.5 3.85
UofS4 3.9 3.90
UofM4 3.3 3.96
NOSM4 3.0 3.82
UWO4 3.7 3.87
Mac3 3.0 3.88
UofT3 3.6 3.96
Queens3 NR 3.81
UofO3 3.85 NR
McGill4 3.5 3.90
UdeM4 NR NR
UdeS3 NR NR
UdeL3 NR NR
Dal3 3.7 3.80
Mun3 NR 3.90
NR means the information is not released by the university

Each medical school may have slightly different ways of calculating your GPA. Some Universities use a cGPA, an average of all courses taken, while others may use a wGPA, dropping certain courses or years of study. Please check the individual university requirements for this information.

If you’re looking for tricks to improve your undergraduate grades check out our post on the top study habits to get maximum grades in minimum time!

Requirements for Medical Schools in Canada: MCAT and CASPER Requirements

The information for out-of-province applicants who are applying from Ontario or reside outside of the province where the medical school is located was used if provided. Medical schools outside of Ontario give preference to applicants within their own province and will have lower admissions criteria for in-province applicants.

CASPer RequiredMCAT RequiredMinimum MCAT Score (C/P, CARS, B/B, P/S)Average MCAT Score of Accepted Students (C/P, CARS, B/B, P/S)
UBC124/124/124/124 129/127/129/129
UofCNA/128/NA/NA 128/128/128/128
UofA 124/128/124/124 128/128/128/128
UofS 127/127/127/127 129/129/129/129
UofM NR/NR/NR/NR 130
130
130
130
NOSM
UWO NR/NR/NR/NR 128/127/126/NA
Mac NR/123/NR/NR NA/129/NA/NA
UofT 125/125/125/124* *
QueensNR/NR/NR/NR NR/NR/NR/NR
UofO
McGill
UdeMNR/NR/NR/NR NR/NR/NR/NR
UdeSNR/NR/NR/NR NR/NR/NR/NR
UdeLNR/NR/NR/NR NR/NR/NR/NR
Dal 123/123/123/123 127/127/127/127
MunNR/NR/NR/NR 128/128/128/128
NR means the information is not released by the university
NA means section not required by the university
*125 in 3 sections and a 124 in one section is all the is required for admission. Scores are not weighted.

Medical College Admission Test:

  • Some medical schools in Canada take into consideration only specific sections
  • If an applicant has taken the MCAT multiple times, some Universities will take the highest score and some will use the most recent scores

CASPer Test:

  • The Canadian Professional Health Sciences test (CSP10201) is the required CASPer test for medical schools requiring the CASPer 

Each university has different deadlines for CASPer and MCAT submission dates. All this information can be found above in any of the links listed below for the university you are interested in.

Reference Letters:

Some medical schools require letters of reference to be submitted as part of the application process. For example, most medical schools in Ontario require three letters. In general, these reference letters cannot come from family members, friends/colleagues of family members, neighbours, or someone who may be perceived as your peer as a referee.

Requirements for Medical Schools in Canada: Interview and Autobiographical Sketch

Autobiographical Sketch RequiredSupplementary Application RequiredInterview
UBC
UofC
UofA
UofS
UofM
NOSM
UWO
Mac
UofT
Queens
UofO
McGill
UdeM
UdeS
UdeL
Dal
Mun

All medical schools in Canada require an interview in their admission process, which is granted to the most qualified applicants. There are two main types of interviews, multi-mini interviews and traditional interviews.  If you are looking for interview practice check out our posts on both MMI Practice Questions and Standard Interview Practice Questions.

Some universities require specific autobiographical sketches and supplementary applications, with their own unique questions, to be completed by applicants. 

Requirements for Medical Schools in Canada: Final Admission Decisions

Every medical school weighs each section of your application differently when making the final admission decisions. This will play a large role in your application process and should be taken into consideration. All this information can be found above in any of the links listed below for the university you are interested in.

In-Depth Look at the Requirements for Each Medical School in Canada:

If you would like an in-depth view of the medical school requirements for a specific dental school in Canada, including average admitted GPA and MCAT scores as well as detailed information about the interview, autobiographical sketch, and admissions weighting statistics, subscribe to our blog. We hope to complete our in-depth requirements for each medical school for the 2022 application cycle.


FAQ:

What GPA do you need for admission to dental schools in Canada?

The lowest GPA admitted to a medical school in Canada ranges 3.3-3.7 depending on which school. To get in with a low GPA the other aspects of the application must be exceptional. A competitive GPA for admission, which is the average GPA of admitted students, is between 3.8-4.0 depending on the school and whether you are an in-province or out-of-province applicant.

What are the entry requirements for medicine in Canada?

The admission requirements are similar between the different medical schools: prerequisite courses, GPA requirements, MCAT and CASPer testing, as well as interviews and personal statements.

Is dental or medical school harder?

Both medical and dental schools are very competitive to get into. From the perspective of admission rates, medical school is harder to be admitted to than dental school. There are more medical schools than there are dental schools, but there are far more applicants to medical schools than there are to dental schools.

Is it hard to get into medical school in Canada?

Medical schools in Canada are extremely competitive. Successful applicants must meet a significant number of requirements before even being considered including prerequisite courses, GPA requirements, MCAT and CASPer testing, as well as interviews and personal statements.

What is the minimum GPA for medical school in Canada?

The lowest admitted GPA of any medical school candidate in Canada is around 3.7. However, competitive applicants regularly received a GPA between 3.8-4.0. 

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